Consider the case of young Werther, the central figure of the hugely influential novel penned by Goethe in 1774 and reborn in Massenet's masterful opera from 1892.
When Werther is prevented from pursuing the object of his intense desire, he becomes so stressful that he sees suicide as the only sensible option.
We have therapy for that sort of thing now, of course. I suspect a lot of people today cannot summon much sympathy for someone as obsessive and morose as Werther.
And I assume they were the types sniggling a few times during Washington National Opera's performance of "Werther" Saturday night at the Kennedy Center.
So, OK, maybe the super-romanticism does get a little thick in the Massenet work, especially during the protracted death scene for the title character, but the music rings true. Massenet, a master of melody, mood and orchestral coloring, captured the essence, the soul of Goethe's story (one based on a real incident, by the way).
What the composer's fine librettists added in the way of character development fleshes out the story nicely, particularly in the case of Charlotte, the woman Werther falls for instantly and who feels she must marry someone else because of a promise to her dying mother. In the opera, Charlotte reveals much more of an attraction to Werther, much more of a conflicted conscience, than Goethe described.
This is an opera that can really grab hold when it is sung with elegance and eloquence, and when it is staged with sensitivity. For the most part, that's ...
The big news here is the company debut of Francesco Meli in the title role.
On Saturday, the Italian tenor produced consistently stylish, deeply beautiful singing, the sort you more often find only on vintage recordings.
Yes, there was a fortissimo note that didn't quite hold together. And nitpickers would subtract points for the singer's switch to falsetto once or twice. But what classy vocalism this was overall, so tender in tone, so exquisitely refined in phrasing.
The tenor's rhythmically elastic delivery of the opera's hit aria, the ultra-melancholy "Pourquoi me reveiller," proved electric. He was supported every measure of the way in that aria by conductor Emmanuel Villaume, whose appreciation for the inner beauty of the opera and ability to coax refined playing from the orchestra was a notable plus all evening.
Meli proved to be a believable actor, although even he could not quite make it easy to understand why this Werther would go crazy for this Charlotte.
Why on earth was Sonia Ganassi, an excellent artist who used her plush mezzo to incisive effect, made to look so matronly and constricted? Her hair style, her clothes -- way too close to Margaret Dumont territory (Barila designed the otherwise persuasive costumes). Ganassi did her best to enliven the character, though; her acting in the last two acts was especially telling.
The dowdy look for Charlotte wasn't the only miscalculation from director Chris Alexander, who certainly rings a lot of fascinating ideas to the production. But he undercut his own imaginative way of intensifying the drama and enriching the atmosphere in Act 3.
Here, Charlotte and her husband Albert host a Christmas Eve party. When Charlotte tries to flee in order to prevent Werther's suicide, she finds her way blocked by arriving guests and must quickly regain her composure to welcome them. So far so good. But Alexander repeats this scene of departure interruptus several times, so it just ends up looking silly.
But, overall, the clean lines, subtle use of props and refined lighting (by Mark McCullough) are really quite compelling. The background during the autumnal second act, for example, with tall grasses against a pinkish sky, has the poetic depth of a Wolf Kahn landscape.
The supporting cast came through vividly on opening night. Julien Robbins gave an endearing portrayal of Charlotte's father and sang colorfully. Deft work, vocally and dramatically, came from Emily Albrink as Charlotte's sister Sophie and Andrew Foster-Williams as Albert.
The children's chorus, prepared by Michelle Kunz, made a bright contribution. But I wish the kids' offstage Christmas carol at the end -- the juxtaposition of that jollity with Werther's death is among the most incisive touches in Massenet's score -- could have been sung a little farther offstage, just to give it a more haunting quality.
Performances continue through May 27.
PHOTOS BY SCOTT SUCHMAN
"Maintenance is a breeze. I am so happy that we chose InstantEncore!"