Claudio (Giovanni Antonio) Monteverdi was baptized on the 15th of May,1567. Gifted from a young age, he published a set of 3 part motetswhen he was just 15 years old. His achievements helped bridge the gapfrom Renaissance music to the Baroque age yet his music was all butforgotten until Vincent d'Indy revived his music near the end of thenineteenth century.

He published his 3rd book of madrigals in 1592. These madrigalsshowed great attention to the words and harmonic dissonance, which isthe basis for what he and his brother, Giulio Cesare Monteverdi,referred to as the "seconda prattica" (as opposed to the traditional"prima prattica") where the music should be governed by the words andallow for freer use of dissonance to create emotion and drama. Hisapproach was attacked by the theorist Giovanni Maria Artusi whopublished a pamphlet criticizing this "musica moderna".

In 1607, his first opera L'Orfeo was performed in Mantua. One ofmusic history's revolutionary works, the piece became one of thefoundations of modern opera. He increased the size of the orchestraand introduced new effects such as pizzicato and tremolo all to helphighlight the drama aspect.

His prolific career and celebrated life came to an end in 1643,leaving behind a legacy of motets, madrigals, operas and countlessother secular and sacred pieces.

Notable works of his include: 8 volumes of Madrigals, Vespro della Beata Vergine (1610 Vespers), L'Orfeo, L'incoronazione di Poppea, Il ballo delle ingrate
This biography was most recently edited by...
iecontent1 - 27 Jun 2011