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(1865-1931).  Danish composer, violinist, conductor.  He studied with Niels Gade at the Royal Conservatory in Copenhagen, later becoming violinist in the Royal Chapel Opera Orchestra and conductor at many notable houses in Copenhagen.  He was active as a composer beginning in the 1880's, but was little known outside Denmark until after World War I.  He visited Berlin, London and Paris in the 1920's to conduct his own works, and his powerful and highly original Symphonies became more widely know soon after.

From 1915 Nielsen served on the faculty of the Royal Danish Conservatory, becoming its director in 1931.

Nielsen's music is rarely related to Danish folk materials, but seeks it's inspiration from the romantic language of Liszt, Brahms, and Grieg, yet also employs greater experimentation in dissonance and counterpoint.  His Symphony no 3 (Espansiva) and Symphony no 4 (Inextinguishable) are among his most frequently performed works.  The Symphony no 5 prompts the snare drum soloist to improvise and play against the rest of the orchestra in an early example of aleatory.  Nielsen's Symphony no 1 employes progressive tonality, ending in a different key from which it began. 

In addition to his symphonies, Nielsen's chamber music, his Concerto for Flute, and his choral works are regarded.
This biography was most recently edited by...
steven - 1 Mar 2010
steven - 1 Mar 2010
steven - 28 Feb 2010
iecontent1 - 1 Dec 2009
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